What is Entrepreneurs Relief?
Entrepreneurs relief allows you to pay less capital gains tax, at 10% on gains of all qualifying assets which are sold. It is applied when you sell your business, and usually in a Members Voluntary Liquidation (MVL). For more information regarding the MVL and Entrepreneurs relief, see our page on MVL . Capital Gains Tax is the tax on profit when you are selling something which has increased by value.
Important update: If you intend to take advantage of this relief in the near future it might pay to bring your plans forward. It is looking quite likely, that the relief will be reduced or amended in the March 2020 budget.
Am I Eligible For The Relief?
To qualify for Entrepreneurs tax relief, you must meet one or more of the following criteria:
- You must be disposing all or a part of a business, where you were a sole trader or business partner. Even if you dispose of the assets after, you are still eligible. However, you must own the business for over a year before you sell it and if you are closing the business, the assets must be sold within 3 years.
- You have at least 5% shares, securities or voting rights within the company being sold. You are also eligible if you have had the chance to buy your shares at least a year before the sale. For this, you must have been an employee of the firm for at least a year, and the company must be one which focuses on trading, instead of those which involve little trading, for example, those who focus purely on investment.
- You lent an asset to the business and it is being sold. This only applies if your assets were used for a year before the shares were sold, or if you have already sold 5% of your part of the business or shares.
- You’re selling shares which you got through an Enterprise Management Incentive scheme, after the 5th April 2013.
How do I work out the tax I will have to pay?
- Work out the gains of all the qualifying assets
- Add all the gains together (deduct any losses) to get the total taxable gain available for Entrepreneur’s Relief
- Deduct any tax-free allowance
- You will pay 10% tax on what is left.
How do I actually claim for Entrepreneurs Relief?
To claim for Entrepreneurs Relief, fill in Section A of the Entrepreneurs’ Relief Help sheet here https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/entrepreneurs-relief-hs275-self-assessment-helpsheet , or you can do it via your Self-Assessment tax return.
During your lifetime you can claim up to £10 million relief, with no limit on how many times you can claim for it.