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Directors duties & responsibilities in Insolvency and Liquidation

Written by Keith Steven Managing Director 3 December 2020

Directors duties & responsibilities in Insolvency and Liquidation

I am a worried director. I have always paid my bills on time before and now I have a problem that I can't sort out.

"What should I do? What are my duties as a director?"

The most important thing is not to do nothing and don't panic! What you need to do is have a read of all the guides to find out what all the options are. If you don't have time then don't worry, give us a call on 08009700539 or 020 7887 2667, we can explain the situation, and happily talk to you for free to give advice and to see if we can help. We will also come and see you for you no charge and send you our solutions report which sets out your options.

Directors duties and responsibilities in insolvency

In law, if a company is insolvent then the directors have a duty to the creditors not themselves or the shareholders. As such, the first thing to to do is establish whether the company is insolvent. We have an online insolvency test to help you establish this. If your business is insolvent then you must act to ensure that you do not make the creditors' situation worse. Some directors are guilty of willfully piling up debt with no hope of paying back creditors - by doing this they are risking an action for wrongful trading that can lead to disqualification and personal liability for the company's debts. Some directors breach their duty to creditors by removing assets from premises or selling assets to another company at less than full price. This is known as a transaction at an undervalue, and can be reversed by the liquidator.

Because of these regulations it is imperative that you seek advice before embarking on such a transaction.

Another trap that directors often fall into is assuming that the assets and monies in the company's bank account belong to them personally. Even if a director has funded the business by putting his/her own money into the company this does not mean that assets belong to them. THEY BELONG TO THE COMPANY and the company owes them. If the company goes into a formal insolvency process they would be classed as a creditor and may receive some of the money back. But this is not guaranteed. Ultimately our advice though is not to fund a company personally without any sort of security for the debt.

Obtaining proper advice from specialist turnaround practitioners will help to ensure that you are acting in the best interest of the creditors.

What should you do to ensure you are compliant with your duties as a director?

Try these tests below and see where you might be.

The 'magic wand' test!

Basically, if you feel you could continue your business profitably, if only you could sort the debt that is hanging over your company as a result of a bad trading year or one big creditor, then perhaps a company voluntary arrangement or a pre-pack may be the solution.

The 'I need to stop' test!

If the business has no future and is unlikely to be able to continue, then a creditors voluntary liquidation may be the answer. This is preferable to having your business wound up in the Court and the Court's official receiver looking into your affairs. What is more, it is ensuring that the business is closed down in a legally correct and orderly way and the creditors can be handled by the liquidator who will remove the creditor pressure for you.

The other options are really just a variation on the above. If you have a buyer for the business then a pre pack could be an option but these are becoming less used these days and need careful consideration. Administration is a powerful tool to protect your business from all creditors, including the bank, but it means that you lose control of the business and it can be costly and damaging to the business going forward.

What if the business has been served a winding up petition?

We can send directors our Toolkit. This is a discreet USB device ( there is no mention of insolvency on it ) See image below. This contains huge amounts of guides and templates that can help struggling companies; Letter templates to send to HMRC if you need more time to pay tax,documents to send to companies house to close down a company and cash management tools. 

If you would like one of these then please send an email to

Categories: Personal Guarantee What Happens In Insolvency?, Implications for Directors

A Worried Director

The Ultimate Guide For Worried Directors

Worried about poor cashflow? Feel you have got into a bit of a mess? Covid-19?, How to pay wages on pay day? For reassuring advice on a range of issues download our free Ultimate Guide For Worried Directors today. Or just call us on 0800 9700539

"KSA Group which owns this site, will help you fix problems in your business. We won't charge for any initial advice or face to face meetings. We speak in English. We will save you money and your precious time.  You can come to any of our offices

"We also follow up any meeting with a full "solutions report" which runs on average to 13 pages valuable free advice!!  No other practitioner offers this service.  In this report we advise on ALL the options and explain them clearly.  We advise on a course of action given the information you have given us ( the more information we have the better we can advise!)"

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