What is Corporation Tax?
Corporation tax is the tax that a business pays on its profits. The actual rate varies from 20% to 21%, depending on the level of profits. As with many other taxes, it is complex, so it is unnecessary to go into details here. However, it should be remembered that it is the duty of the directors to file accounts and report profits accurately so the correct amount of tax can be levied. Your accountant should file a CT600 return within 12 months of your year end. Again, if your accountant fails to do this properly, it is still your responsibility.
It was the Government's aim to cut corporation tax to 17%, from the current 19%. but the Pandemic has meant that it will now be raised for larger firms to 25% in 2023
What should you do if you can't pay Corporation Tax in time?
If you are worried you can't pay it in time, you need to be aware of the payment deadlines so you can act accordingly. You need to pay corporation tax by nine months and one day after your corporation tax period ends (if you have taxable profits up to £1.5 million). If you have taxable profits over this amount, you need to pay the tax earlier and usually in four parts.
More usually, companies that are in financial distress run up other taxes such as VAT arrears and PAYE arrears and may not have actually made a profit, so corporation tax arrears are less common. It all depends on the profile of your business and the circumstances. Perhaps you do not need to charge VAT and you do not directly employ anyone. It is usually a good idea to file and pay any corporation tax as soon as you know how much you owe in case the money is not there later on.
If you can't pay corporation tax, HMRC will always be willing to listen to businesses that are struggling and the first thing to do is to talk to them and put your case in writing. If this is the first time you're contacting HMRC about this issue, you can contact their Business Payment Support Service. Do not ignore demands and notices as penalties will start to mount up. They may well agree to a "time to pay" deal whereby you pay the tax in installments so that you pay off the arrears over 6-12 months. However, do not promise to pay more than you can afford otherwise it will fall over and HMRC may move to wind up the company. Please call us for no obligation advice as we have years of experience of dealing with HMRC. You can call us on 08009700539 or email email@example.com Generally HMRC will not make exceptions for non payment of Corporation Tax due to the pandemic as the mere existence of a corporation tax liability shows that the company made a profit and can pay.
What are the implications for the directors and penalties if you cannot pay the tax?
There is also the issue of the overdrawn director's account. If the business has been making profits in the past then taking drawings is quite normal. This over time creates a position where the director(s) becomes a debtor to the company. So, these are essentially loans to the directors. How are these repaid? They are usually repaid when dividends are paid to the shareholders (usually the directors) either within the accounting year or at the end of it. The accountant will advise that the company has made a profit and has reserves from which dividends can be paid. On receipt of these dividends the directors then make sure the loan is personally repaid and therefore there is no debtor in the accounts.
However, if the company has not made sufficient profits and/or has insufficient reserves, then dividends cannot be paid. Thus at the end of the year the company will show “other debtors” within their annual accounts. This means that the directors (or other recipients of the drawings) OWE that money to the company. They will generally be taxed upon it personally.
HMRC will just as aggressively go after corporation tax owed than PAYE or VAT owed and they can use all the usual remedies such as distraint, statutory demands or winding up petitions. If you can't pay corporation tax, PAYE or VAT and you receive these sorts of threats, then call us immediately and we can help.
CVAs and Corporation tax
Will I lose tax losses if I go into a CVA? It's very complicated from an accounting point of view.
Where a company entering into a CVA has accumulated trading losses for tax purposes, the continued availability of such losses in future periods is likely to be a crucial aspect to the successful implementation of the arrangement.
Assuming the company continues to trade throughout the CVA process, its unrelieved trading losses may be carried forward for offset against future profits arising from the same trade. If you want to know more then please have a look through the CVA and tax losses guide.
Worried about poor cashflow? Feel you have got into a bit of a mess? Covid-19?, How to pay wages on pay day? For reassuring advice on a range of issues download our free Ultimate Guide For Worried Directors today. Or just call us on 0800 9700539
Please note that the guide includes updates due to Covid-19 For instance there have been some changes to insolvency legislation that limits creditors actions. A new 20 day moratorium for distressed businesses has also been introduced.